the De-scalding plan announced by the Government to face a return to “new normal” is divided into four distinct phases, which will be progressively accessed, provided that a number of requirements are met, and which will directly affect return to work by Spanish companies.
Although the De-Scalding Plan has been the main protagonist of the last few days, there are still many doubts to be resolved about each of them; that’s why, since AYCE Laborytax we will try to solve them through this guide on the 4 phases of the de-scalding plan to revive the Spanish economy.
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What will the 4 phases of the de-scaling plan affect Spanish companies look like?
> Phase 0
During Phase 0 of the De-Scaling Plan, telework is still recommended in those companies where possible, while those where face-to-face work is essential, it is essential to exercise all safety and hygiene precautions to avoid possible contagion among our workers.
The developments regarding the revival of the economy presented by this Phase are:
- Social services:social workers may rejoin, complying with all safety, hygiene and estating measures.
- Retail and service delivery: theymay always reopen by appointment and individually. They must also establish a schedule reserved for persons over 65years of age, and the use of masks and recommendation of gloves is mandatory.
- Hospitality businesses :during Phase 0 hospitality businesses will be able to offer home food services,either for home delivery or to pick up. Consumption on site will still be prohibited.
- Cultural and leisure activities:they will only be able to reopen their files, but not access to the public.
> Phase 1
Entry into Phase 1 is an important step forward for businesses and businesses,as many of them will have the possibility to reopen their doors, provided that they meet all the requirements in Prevention of Occupational Risks adapted to the Covid-19 crisis.
The novelties of this phase would be:
- Social services:social services can be progressively reactivated, offering priority attention to those most vulnerable groups.
- Education and university centres:disinfection and conditioning tasks may begin,complying with the relevant prevention and safety measures; but not hosting students.
- Science and innovation:companies and facilities of science and innovation can be gradually reopened, as well as holding congresses and seminars, with a maximum capacity of 30 people, respecting the minimum social distance of two meters and with the relevant security measures.
- Retail and service delivery activity: commercialpremises with less than 400m squared are opened, provided that they are not located within a closed shopping center. They will be able to do so with a capacity limited to 30% of their occupancy,establishing a preferred schedule for people over 65 years of age. The use of masks is recommended for all customers and to provide disinfectant gel. In addition, a disinfection protocol is established for the premises (and certain products) at least 2 times a day.
- Hospitality businesses:they will be able to reopen the outdoor terrazas,reducing the capacity of the terrace to 50% and with a maximum of 10 people grouped into one or more tables. Consumption within the premises will continue to be prohibited. Commonly used cards will be avoided and commonly used utensils removed from all tables (chopsticks, napkins, oil makers,… etc.) replacing them with single-dose.
- Dealers and ITV centers: they will resume their activity but will always attend by appointment.
- Nurseries and garden centers :they can resume their activity by attending their customers by appointment.
- Hotels: they can reopen without being able to make use of the common areas, except the catering areas, which must follow the instructions corresponding to the hospitality (separate the tables to about 2 meters and reduce their capacity to 50%).
- Agriculture and fisheries:agriculture and fisheries activities may be resumed, in compliance with the rules laid down in retail trade.
- Cultural and leisure activities: libraries will be able to reopen with capacity limitation,and proceed to the daily disinfection of books. There will be fewer than 200 people, and in enclosed spaces of less than 30 people. Museums may reopen, but only for a third of their capacity, withoutcultural activities, brochures or audio guides.
- Markets : providedthat they are outdoors, their authorization is available to the corresponding City Council.
- Wakes: may be carried out in enclosed spaces with a maximum of 10people, or 15 in the case of an outdoor space; always maintaining a separation of about 2m.
- Gyms: they will be able to reopen their doors for 30% of the capacity as long as it is for individual activities, with one monitor per person and by appointment. Please note that changing rooms and showers cannot be used.
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> Phase 2
As for requirements during Phase 2 the same as in Phase 1 are maintained, but these would be the novelties with the phase change:
- Family visits to nursing homes willresume, as long as there are no confirmed cases of residents with COVID-19 or residents who are quarantined. This visit will be made by appointment and only one person can attend.
- Family gatherings are extended to a maximum of 15 people.
- Telework is still recommended at this stage.
- Education and universities:children’s education centres may reopen up to 6 years, with a capacity limit, and provided that parents prove the obligation to carry out face-to-face work. In addition, last-year students (4th ESO, 2nd Baccalaureate and 2nd FP) will be able to resume their classes, but this will depend on each school and the standard established by the corresponding autonomys.
- Schools and training facilities not included in Education and Science, such as schools or reinforcement academies, may also be reopened.
- Science and innovation:they will be able to open again in compliance with safety protocols, as well as the museums of Science and Technology or houses of Science. The seminars may not have more than 50 people, maintaining at all times the safety distance of two meters.
- Retail and service delivery activity:shopping malls may reopen,with the exception of recreational areas, with a capacity limited to 40%, by setting a preferred schedule for persons over 65 years of age.
- Hospitality businesses :consumption can be reactivated inside the premises, guaranteeing the separation of security between tables and customers, being mandatory the consumption sitting and not at the bar. Nightclubs and nightlife options are not available at this time.
- Hotels mayat this stage reopen their common spaces by limiting the capacity to one third and will follow the same rules as hospitality.
- Agriculture and fishing: sport hunting and fishing resumes.
- Cultural and leisure activities: cinemas,theatres, auditoriums, monuments and exhibition halls can be reopened to one third of the capacity. Outdoor events and shows of less than 400 people will be allowed.
- Beaches and swimming pools can open to thepublic, restricting the capacity to 30% and allowing the safety distance between users.
- And sport can be practiced without time constraints (except in sections reserved for people over 70 years of age or at risk).
- Religious celebrations are allowed, and their capacity is extended to 50%. Weddings may be held with a capacity limitation to 50 people if it is in an enclosed venue and 100 people if the celebration is held outdoors. Always respecting safety distances.
> Phase 3
During Phase 3, face-to-face reinstatement tomost companies can be initiated, and it is essential to comply with all security protocols, implementing a staggered schedule to avoid crowds at entry and exit.
- The general mobility of citizens is made more flexible, but even if the limitations remain in the autonomous community or can be extended to other communities.
- All urban and intercity public transport services will resume at 100%.
- Science and innovation:the presence in seminars and congresses is increased to 80 people.
- Trade:shopping malls will be able to reopen their recreational areas,and the occupation of their spaces will be expanded up to 50% of the capacity.
- Hospitality and catering establishments will reduce capacity restrictions, but with strict separation between customers. Standing consumption and opening of the bar will be allowed, with a minimum distance of 1.5 meters between customers. Nightclubs and nightlife venues can be reopened within a third of their capacity.
- Hotels:you can open common areas with capacity limitations.
- Cultural and leisure activities:cinemas, theatres, auditoriums, monuments and exhibition halls will be able to expand their capacity to 50% of the capacity. Events shall be permitted in enclosed places of less than 80 persons or one third of the capacity, and in open places of less than 800 people.
- Bullfighting festivities can be resumed, limiting the capacity with a distance of 9m squares between each attendee.
> Phase 4 (the new “normal”)
Reaching Phase 4 will be when the new normal begins,which is expected by the end of June, depending on the implementation of the measures necessary to achieve this phase.
Each phase will have a minimum (expected) duration of two weeks,as it is the incubation period of the virus.
From this moment on, all companies, businessesand activities may return to normal without restrictions, although the use of masks will still be highly recommended, as well as maintain social distance and proceed to the corresponding disinfection tasks, at least, until a vaccine or treatment that ends with the coronavirus appears.
All these rules may vary depending on the considerations that the Ministry of Health is making or the new rules that the Government or the Autonomous Communities are communicating.