Prestación por hijo a cargo

child benefit is an
economic grant offered by the National Institute of Social Security for each child in charge under the age of 18,or with a disability of more than 65%,to all persons who meet a certain number of requirements.

The family benefit per dependent child is offered by Social Security,since it is established that any child or minor in charge of a person must live with and depend financially on the beneficiary.

This had been the case, but to this day, the entry into force of the Minimum Vital Income (IMV) modifies the child benefit in charge in 2021,and this becomes integrated into the IMV.

What is Social Security family benefit per child?

grant per child in charge,
managed by Social Security in its framework of protective action, consists of a financial aid that parents receive from children under the age of 18 or with a disability level greater than 65%, regardless of whether they are natural or adoptive, as well as those in charge of a minor.

The goal of social security child benefit is to help parenting and childcare,receiving financial assistance that facilitates child support and care.

Also, note that the child benefit in charge is assistance and non-contributory. What does this mean? You do not need to have previously quoted to apply for this assistance.

However, not all parents can apply for child benefit in charge,as it is essential to prove a lack of income in order to access this aid.

What does it mean to have a child in charge?

As established by Social Security, it is understood that a person has a dependent child when the person lives with the beneficiary, depending financially on it.

The child will also be considered to live with the beneficiary when temporarily separated for one of the following reasons:

  • Illness, medical treatment or rehabilitation.
  • Beneficiary’s job.
  • Studies.
  • Other similar causes.

In the case of working children,whose income exceeds 100% of the interprofessional minimum wage (EUR 735.90), they shall not be considered as children in charge of the beneficiary.

Children in the care of the beneficiary shall also not be considered as children who receive a contributory pension,except in cases of orphan’s pension or benefit in favour of relatives of grandchildren or siblings.

Prestación por hijo a cargo

How does the child grant change with Minimum Vital Income?

With the entry into force of the IMV, social security benefit per child in charge is progressively integrated into the new minimum income, as reported by the government in July 2021, when it approved the IMV ex officio for more than 75,000 families who were charging for the child aid in charge.

Social Security automatically recognized the IMV to thousands of families whocharged the retail allowance, once it found that these families were eligible to access the Minimum Income. These families received the news via SMS and a written letter explaining the concession.

On the other hand, there are also families who charged the child benefit in charge, who have not been automatically approved for the IMV. This in most cases is because inSS does not have the information to approve this new aid. In these cases, these families should apply for the IMV,and wait for the INSS to analyze the application, deciding between approving or denying it.

However, families who received the child grant in charge and have not been approved for the IMV,or simply are not interestedin the change, will continue to receive the aid on a transitional basis until the requirements are no longer met and their extinction proceeds.

The main change is that the IMV is charged monthly,which is an advantage for families. In addition, the amount is slightly higher, and remains indefinitely as long as the requirements for access to the benefit are met.

Requirements for social security child benefit

1 – Residents in Spanish territory

An indispensable requirement is that the person applying for such aid resides in Spanish territory, having his habitual residence in Spain.

Those who remain abroad, for a period not exceeding 90 days a year, will also be understood to be persons whose habitual residence is in Spain.

2 – People in your care

As we have mentioned, another fundamental requirement will be for the person seeking such assistance to have children under the age of 18 or older affected by a disability equal to or greater than 65 years of age.

It shall be independent whether they are natural, adoptive orpersons on a family foster basis, whether permanent or pre-adoptive.

3 – Not possessing the right to receive other aid of the same nature

It will be necessary to demonstrate that that person is not eligible for other aid of the same nature.

4 – Income limit

Under no circumstances may the beneficiary receive annual income above the following limits:

  • 12,313 euros per year up to the first two children.
  • 18,532 euros per year for large families, increasing by 3,002 euros for each child from the fourth, this included.
  • Children with disabilities: There is no requirement.

How much is charged for the child grant in charge?

There is no fixed amount, as it will depend on both the age of the child or the hosted minor, as well as their degree of disability. In any case, make it clear that the child benefits in charge are exempt from IRPF.

  • 341 euros per year for a child under the age of 18 and without a disability.
  • 682 euros per year for two minor and non-disabled children.
  • 023 euros per year for large families with three children in charge. The amount will increase progressively depending on the number of children.
  • 000 euros per year for children in charge under 18 years of age, with a disability level of 33% or more.
  • EUR 747.20 per year for children over 18 years of age, with a disability level of 65% or more.
  • EUR 120.80 per year for children 18 years of age or older with a disability level of 75% or more.

Since 1 April 2019, child benefit from children under the age of 18 without a disability or with a disability of less than 33% has been improved, increasing to EUR 588 per year.

How long is the child benefit charged?

Financial aid per child in charge is maintained as long as the requirements for access are met. Benefit is generally no longer charged when children reach the age of majority, although for children with disability grades equal to or greater than 65%, it is maintained.

How is the child benefit request made in charge?

To make such an application, the model of application for child benefit
will have to be
submitted, duly completed, at the National Institute of Social Security.

This model must be accompanied by the following documentation:

  • ID of the beneficiary and children over the age of 14.
  • NIE and equivalent identification documents in the case of foreign persons.
  • Certificate of packing.
  • Family book.
  • Proof of income received.
  • Judgment in cases where separation or divorce has occurred (if pending, a copy of the application must be filed).
  • Disability title issued by IMSERSO or competent body in cases of children with disabilities.
  • Certificate from the National Social Security Box when children reside in Morocco.

One-time payment of 1,000 euros per birth

On the other hand, with the birth of a child, single mothers, persons with disabilities and large families, are entitled to a one-time payment of 1,000 euros,provided they are discharged from Security

To do this, INSS will take into accountrevenue, limiting those above the maximum level. The application may be made from the day after birth or adoption.


In short, the child benefit in charge becomes part of the Minimum Living Income in 2021. In this way, those families who receive this benefit, and have not been approved the IMV automatically, must submit the application to access the IMV to Social Security. If the application is denied, they will continue to receive the child benefit in charge, as long as they meet the necessary requirements.