In recent times, we have seen that many companies bet on making an
to their new employees, with the aim of benefiting from the innumerable advantages offered by this type of hiring.
The figure of the intern in a company plays a very important role, and in theory it should be shown as an opportunity for young people looking to enter the world of work and gain experience, but the truth is that in most cases this is not the case.
By hiring trainees, the company undertakes to train these new workers.
However, there are many companies that only opt for this
type of labor contracts
to save the cost reduction involved in hiring this type of workers, treating them like any other employee, and even demanding superior performance.
So, if you are a young person, you are in the last years of your career or you are a recent graduate and you are looking for a contract as an intern, it is important that you do not get carried away by the desire to join the labor market and ensure that the company will comply with the conditions that regulate this modality.
The problem is that in most cases it is the interns themselves who do not know if the company is really meeting these conditions or not.
Therefore, from AYCE Laborytax we have prepared a post in which we will explain the 10 different modalities of scholarship contract. Notes.
Recruitment of trainees: 10 different modalities
1 – Ineperiential graduates
The hiring of ineperient graduates is one of the most common. It is a non-work internship contract for graduates who do not have experience in the world of work.
It is designed for people between 18 and 25 years old with a university degree or a medium or higher training degree, and its main objective is to promote the labor insertion of young people without experience.
The duration of this type of contract can be from 3 to 9 months,offering benefits to both parties: the intern gets experience and the company enjoys a series of tax benefits.
2 – Job training
This type of contract is intended for unemployed people looking to enter the world of work. It favors the insertion and complements the training of the courses carried out in the INEM.
Fellows with this type of contract receive a symbolic amount that covers travel or living expenses.
3 – Certificate of professionalism
The certificates of professionalism are designed for people who are studying a certificate of professionalism.
They are similar to the old Vocational Training (VET), complementing with practice the theoretical training that the trainees have received in the training center.
These types of contracts last between 40 and 160 hours.
4 – Dual Vocational Training
It is a variation of Vocational Training focused on labor insertion.
Here learning in the training center is combined with internships in the company,with a contract duration of between 600 and 700 hours.
By law it does not include any type of remuneration,but there are many companies that include some type of economic benefit so that the scholarship holders can cover the expenses of diets or travel.
5 – Internships
These are contracts for young people who are studying any type of degree.
They are the university practices par excellence,and are usually the first contact with the world of work of every young university student.
They are usually carried out in the second part of the curriculum and, in many cases, are mandatory for students, being able to validate them later with credits of free choice.
The maximum duration of this type of internship is 1500 hours,and the economic remuneration will depend on each company.
It is mandatory for the company to register the student in the Social Security.
6 – Internship contract
In this case, we are talking about hiring people who have already obtained the university degree,as long as no more than five years have passed.
They serve to complete university education,and have a duration of between six months and two years.
With internship contracts,companies receive bonuses from the Social Security that range between 50% and 75% reduction of the quota.
On the other hand, the remuneration received by the fellows will be 60% of the position occupied in the first year, increasing to 75% in the second year; although the collective agreement can improve these percentages.
7 – Part-time contract with training links
It is a contract intended for people under 30 years of age who are unemployed, who do not have experience in the world of work or this is less than three months, who are unemployed and have been registered in an employment office for more than twelve months, or who do not have the title of ESO or Vocational Training.
The objective of this type of contract is to promote the training of these people and facilitate their entry into the labor market.
They have a duration of one year,with the possibility of extending it by two more years,as long as the working day is not 50% longer than a normal working day.
8 – Contract for training and apprenticeship
This type of contract is designed for young people between 16 and 25 years old who do not have the professional qualification title recognized by the Vocational Training for Employment Subsystem.
Suitable for people up to 30 years of age until the unemployment rate is not less than 15%, with which it is intended that the beneficiaries can obtain both theoretical and practical training.
The duration of this type of contract ranges from one to three years,with a working day of a maximum of 75% during the first year, extendable up to 85% during the following two years.
9 – Contract with contracting commitment
Based on hiring for unemployed people and immigrants in their countries of origin,whose main objective is to promote labor reintegration through training.
The current regulations state that this type of contract must have a minimum duration of six months,and that they can become indefinite at any time. The company undertakes to hire at least 60% of the workers in an intern situation.
10 – Public employment and training programmes
These types of programs are designed for young people under 25 who do not have training or work experience, and are in a complicated situation to access the labor market.
The duration of these public employment and training programs is between one and two years,receiving theoretical training during the first six months, and practical training during the rest of the program.
They are managed by the Administration in collaboration with non-profit entities,which are responsible for financing the total cost of the student and facilitating access to a scholarship that usually corresponds to 75% of the Minimum Interprofessional Wage.
Now that you know the different types of internship contracts and the conditions of each of them, it is important that you do not let yourself be deceived and that you make sure that all the rights and obligations of the company are met.