The internship contract is a tool that facilitates the entry into the labor market of students who have completed a period of training. This employability formula encourages hiring through incentives to companies and regulates the working conditions of the trainee worker, confined their performance to areas according to their degree, under certain conditions and a certain period of time.
What to Keep in Mind When Formalizing an Internship Contract?
One of the great advantages of the internship contract is that it offers the worker the possibility of acquiring experience in his professional field and complementing the learning acquired during his studies.
The employee acquires practical training and added value in his professional history, which increases his chances of staying in the labor market and achieving a better paid contract with greater stability.
2. Reference regulations
The reference regulations for this contract are as follows:
- Article 11.1 of Royal Legislative Decree 2/2015, of 23 October, approving the revised text of the Workers’ Statute Law Article 11.1 of the Workers’ Statute.
- 488/98, of 27 March, which develops article 11 of the Workers’ Statute in the field of training contracts.
- 63/2006, of 27 January, of 27 January, approving the Staff Regulations for Research Staff in Training.
- Law 3/2012, of 6 July, on urgent measures for the reform of the labour market.
- Law 11/2013, of 26 July, on measures to support entrepreneurs and stimulate growth and job creation.
- Royal Decree Law 16/2013, of 20 December.
To qualify for a traineeship, the applicant must have one of the following qualifications:
- University degree.
- Intermediate degree or higher degree in the modality of professional training.
- Any degree that the educational administration homologates with those previously mentioned, in accordance with the laws regulating the current educational system or the certificate that accredits the person as having certain professional skills. In accordance with Organic Law 5/2002, of 19 June, on Qualifications and Vocational Training.
4. Requirements of the internship contract
In addition, the following requirements of the internship contract are required:
- Not have exceeded 5 years, or 7 in the case of workers with disabilities, since the end of your studies.
- For those under 30 years of age, the date of completion of studies is not taken into consideration.
Any company or student can obtain a model internship contract through the website of the State Public Employment Service (SEPE),an agency under the Ministry of Labor.
It is a generic model in pdf format, which is available to citizens for download. For more information, click
6. The salary of the internship contract
The trainee contract salary is fixed in the collective agreement for this type of contract.
One of its characteristics is that, during the first 12 months, it cannot be less than 60 percent of the salary established in the labor agreement for employees who occupy the same job. And during the second year of the internship, that percentage must increase to 75 percent.
The remuneration received by the trainee cannot be less than that marked as the minimum interprofessional wage.
When the contractual conditions are part-time, the minimum wage is reduced proportionally to the reduction in working hours that has been previously agreed between the worker and the company.
The internship contract cannot have a duration of less than 6 months or more than 2 years.
If the contract is for less than 2 years and the company and worker agree to it, it can be extended up to two times, for a period of not less than six months.
8. Trial period
The probationary period must not exceed one month when the workers prove the following:
- Intermediate degree.
- Document accrediting professionalism at levels 1 or 2.
The trial period should not exceed two months in the following cases:
- Graduates of higher degree.
- People with certificate or accreditation of professionalism level 3, except collective agreement.
The internship contract is a formula that can benefit both the worker and the company.
The student makes his way and has an opportunity to channel his professional career. The company has the possibility to invest in newly qualified human capital to which it can instill its business culture. In addition, you can receive a number of incentives.
One goal of any contract is to favor the economy and create jobs and wealth. Therefore, these types of tools can be used on their own or in combination with others to promoteeconomic activity.